This is an assessment focusing on the learning ability of an individual and is used to identify whether a learning difficulty or disability may be present. This includes Intellectual Disabilities (Mild/Moderate/ Severe General Learning Disabilties) as well as Specific Learning Difficulties (Dyslexia and Dyscalculia).
A psycho-educational assessment is usually requested when a parent or teacher is concerned that a student is struggling academically, despite the supports and interventiojns that have been put in place. The assessment is used to identify strengths and weaknesses across a learning profile. It examines whether or not a student is under-achieving, or overachieving, in a specific academic area relative to what you would expect for their age and level of intelligence.
PALS provide parents with a detailed psycho-educatioanl report, which can also be sent to other parties (such as the school) on request. The report will contain recommendations and activities that can then be used in conjunction with other information held about the student, in order for parents and school to put together an IEP (Individual Education Plan).
This assessment is suitable for individual of all ages, however we would recommend 7 years to be the youngest for Dyslexia/Dyscalculia assessments.
The duration of an assessment varies based on age and level of ability, a very young child with learning difficulties might only take 30 to 40 minutes, whereas a gifted adult might take over 3 hours. We generally hold a 2 hour slot for students aged under 18, and 3 hours for for adults.
The assessment itself is in two parts, Cognitive and attainment testing. For younger children, we normally descrbe the assessment (please do not use the word assessment or testig with the child though) as a bunch of games an puzzles with some boring stuff at the end (the attainment literacy and numeracy testing). It is not like school work, in that particpants are not expected to know all the answers, it is designed to keep going until they reach their level, a bit like a computer game, and so are expecedted to get some of the questions wrong (which alot of children can identify with, and helps to deal with the fear of falure).
We use the Stanford Binet 5 (SB5) as our cogntivie assessment. The SB5 is an individually administered test of cognitive ability that measures the aptitude to problem solve and comprehend instruction in a standardised manner without support, help and explanation given in any way. The test measures the same five scales (Fluid Reasoning, Knowledge, Quantitative Reasoning, Visual-spatial, and Working Memory) in both the verbal and nonverbal domains, allowing direct comparison between each, and providing a verbal, a nonverbal and overall IQ scores. This assessment is in the form of a series of games and puzzles that get progeressivly more challenging, moving on to new challenges once the individuals level of ability has been met.
For atteinment testing, we use the WIAT-3, which measures Pseudoword Decoding, Word Reading, Reading Comprehension (not normally used for children with severe reading difficulties), Spelling, numeracy and mathematical resoning (normaly only for older individuals applying for DARE showing numeracy difficulties).
The scores gained from this assessment are representative of the individuals ability and performance at the time and date of testing.
In the case where an Inellectual Disability (General Learning Disability) is suspected, this assessment will also include testing of the individuals Adaptive Behaviour, in order to meet DSM-5 diagnositc criteria for such a diagnosis, but also to inform a more overall picture as to where the the main difficulties are presenting. This is done bey completion of the vineland Adaptive behaviour questioanitre by parent and/or teacher.
6 years or under (where too young to asses for dyslexia/dyscalculia): €300
Primary School: €300
Secondary School and Adults: €400